Transformer Losses and Efficiency

Efficiency of Transformer & Losses

Transformers have high efficiencies, especially the larger sizes operating at 50 to 100% of full load. However, they are not perfect. Some losses occur in all transformers. Transformer losses are divided into two types Copper losses Core losses Copper loss Copper loss is the loss of power caused by the resistance of the copper windings. … Read more

Dry Cells Characteristics & Sizes

dry cell sizes & properties

Dry Cell The potential difference between the terminals of a dry cell is about 1.5 volts (abbreviated V), regardless of the size of the cell. The potential difference depends only on the chemicals used in making the cell. The size affects only the length of time required for discharge. Dry Cell Size The larger the … Read more

Measuring Current | Digital multimeter| D’Arsonval ammeter

measuring current Ampere Meter

Measuring Current measuring current on certain troubleshooting jobsis required. You will need to know how much value of  current is flowing in part of a circuit. Measuring the current establishes part of the basis for analyzing the circuit which can lead you to the cause of the problem. To measure the current, you use an … Read more

Electric Current Definition | Unit of Current |

positive current

Electric Current Many materials have free electrons. These electrons are not bound tightly to the atoms. They are free to move from one atom to another. When large numbers of these electrons move in one direction, the result is called an electric current. Electric Current in Metals In metals-for example, copper-the free electrons can move … Read more

Basic Electrical Terms and Definitions

Electrical Terms Understanding of electrical terms is compulsory for engineers. As you study electricity in your engineering program, and as you work with electricity in the power plants, industrial plants, you will hear, read, and use various electrical terms. These terms have very exact meanings. You must know what each one means if you are … Read more

Static Electricity

static charge

Definition of Static Electricity Static electricity is electricity that does not move. The word “static” comes from the Greek word “statikos”, meaning the act of making something stand still. Static electricity consists of electrical charges that remain unmoving on an object. Static electricity is usually generated by the physical contact and separation of different kinds … Read more